226 0 obj <> endobj All these discouraged students who want to study science education and killed the morale of those who are studying the course already. The purpose of science is also subject to variation, depending on what subject is being considered, for example, the purpose of astronomical science would be completely different to the purpose of science education. ! Corruption control in Nigeria: Holistic approach. The Journal of Development Areas, 41(1), 1-16. Governmental guidelines and tests often focus on middle and high school-level STEM (science, technology, engineering and math) education. Schools were closed down in many parts of the country; universities, polytechnics, colleges of education, secondary and primary schools where learning environment are no longer safe for learning remain in long compulsory holiday for months. Aina, J.K. Challenges and prospects of primary science teaching in Nigeria. Babatunde M. A & Adefabi, R. A. %PDF-1.4 %���� 3, 318-330. Science as defined above is sometimes called pure science to differentiate it from applied science, which is the application of research to human needs. 4. Education Research, 5(2), 32-37. This is not only unconscionable, but harmful, and certainly not in keeping with the proper method, mode, and purpose of science education for our public school system. Overcoming the problems is the responsibility of everybody in the country. [4] on his study of challenges and prospects of primary science teaching affirmed that there are unqualified science teachers in our schools. Receiving an education in science is good for children of all ages. A … In this paper I will be con-cerned with several aspects of this widely accepted view, but especially with the question of just what philosophers of science are doing when they put forward such a claim. DOI: 10.12691/education-1-7-2, Received April 05, 2013; Revised June 11, 2013; Accepted July 22, 2013. Stable political system of government is very essential to educational development of any nation [19]. 5T;�5A�KhUŠ�m#K�����ԍ According to [7], all effort to shift focus of economy from oil industry to other economic activities has not yield positive result because of corruption. The lives of nationals living in Nigeria are in perpetual danger of abduction or kidnapping. South- West Journal of Teacher Education, 3, 209-218. There should be laws made specifically for corruption and this law must be enforced no matter whom the corrupt person may be. This affects their output and it is a problem to the development of science education. It relies heavily on scientific theories of learning, and to some extent on the philosophy of education, which considers the aims and value of education … Society ills of early school dropouts as they affect social Development. Male lecturers molest female students who are not willing to dance to their music of promiscuous life style. “The purpose of education has always been to every one, in essence, the same—to give the young the things they need in order to develop in an orderly, sequential way into members of society. To overcome the problems government must create more job; corruption must be shun everywhere in the country; there must be continuity of government good program; diversification of economy to agriculture is necessary and science teachers must be ready for change in their method of teaching and attitude to work. The table below shows students’ enrolment in some years back in science in a college of education. Aina, J.K. �`�l}o��Xvvi|�xġ���ż�+U���Uu�7�s=�ߔC����9!4Q�ťy����W�����K���q��=�}�H�?3�aeVj:���^��]ݹ��F��\}_�����������v��Jo�f���މ����8Y�������K�#�݈�ɘk,���&��(Lj�1|ff����j7"c]�*��Ƕ �/�R}*��э�M����3�L�04:���I[�TW����k�/�Y���̳nM�\9���R]nW(�o�=0�x��~I:���p�OQ��s���ۡ�Z�����#s��N�����Hp�8�k�Y�b��#ʉ��a��K��fs�+^B �'Al� Nigeria is a multiethnic country; this is affecting the country in many ways especially in education. International Journal of Research. There are four main purposes of scientific education. pp 225-229. Pedagogy, the study of teaching methods, including the aims of education and the ways in which such goals may be achieved. Science has its cultural value. h��Vko�6�+��A�R|�@�q5:;i�5+}Pm5�H��l��߹��m��I7,�s��&u�5�6,aR[&��tL: �r�L[a!s>F2�$)�`��І\ R�� H� �͠����ڀ���Z �#���)�hrdʐ3�+��Y>ϛ���eg0���"k�����r\t�޾~ͻI��J��7�]���P�$��ZO껼�҄����Wc�2Z� Many graduates of biology education are self employed and employers of labour; many owned schools for themselves where people works and earn their living while some are in to fish business. They may have the knowledge of the subject but lack the method. Lecturers in higher institutions have turned colleges and universities to supermarket shops where they sell handouts and books at outrageous prices. Writing in the campus newspaper, the Maroon Tiger, King argues that education has both a utilitarian and a moral function.' A key aim of the strategy is to “ensure that enough people study science to a standard which will enable the future needs of the country to be met” (op. Despite all the great things science education can accomplished in the national development of a nation there are many problems militating against it especially in Nigeria. European Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 2(1), ISSN 2220-9425. Okebukola, P.A.O. Aina, J.K. Science education is very important to the development of any nation [21] that is why every nation must take it very serious in all institutions of learning. For instant, Semiconductor is very important in the modern technology that if properly learnt it is enough for one to stand upon for a living; semiconductor physics is part of what any graduate in physics will learn and should learn. Science education in Nigeria concentrates on the teaching of science concepts, method of teaching and addressing misconceptions held by learners regarding science concepts. h�bbd```b``K�� �i/�d�����K0�[email protected]�)X c��:" ��"< ��"�� $�x��� q��� H� ѷB��Mb��fZ����=2�a3��QO�R�ymR��� DOҤ�a��$� ��a*�� u�8���f5�f�=ܴq� Government should invent on agriculture since the nation is blessed with fertile lands. People in Nigeria lives in fear of uncertainty of death from bomb explosion: of gunshot from terrorist or armed robber and many a time from kidnappers. Many brilliant students who should have been an asset for the academic institutions had been killed by terrorist while many had suffered untold hardship in the hands of kidnapper which later affected them both emotionally and academically. In this way, science is one of the most important subjects students study, because it gives them the critical thinking skills they need in every subject. The standards for science education provide expectations for the development of understanding for students through the entire course of their K-12 education … There is a clear message that understanding the nature of science is crucial for effective science teaching, for valuable science learning and for responsible participation in society. Paper presented at the Regional Conference on Education in West Africa: Constraints and Opportunities, Senegal. So this needs a School base of Science education. This budget has not been favourable to education; quoting from [6], the allocation to education in 2003 was7%; 2004 was 12% while 2005 was 11%, this figure did not show government commitment to education. Science education in primary and secondary school is an essential element. Majority of these dropout students are very brilliant who could have become renowned science educators the country would be proud of. In Nigeria today it is not what you know but whom you know, that is why [14] said recruitment to job is tied down to criteria such as political favouritism, geographical area or quota system. "The Purpose of Education" Feb 1947 January-February 1947 Atlanta, Ga. A cultist who graduated in school through examination malpractices in many time end up in classroom as a teacher since teacher is the easiest job anyone could get in Nigeria because of lack of professionalism. A teacher who is not secure while doing his / her job cannot put in the best. Kola, Aina Jacob. ��d�)��y�-�6p�\>3��������{bɚ2hJ���Fn�7�Y_}�c�fu̇�'�S`�A�䅙M���`m ^��sds\m�78�|lߎ�+\�#� &��� Teacher education in democratic Nigeria: challenges and the way forward. %%EOF The few years of civilian rule has been years of lack of focus; government educational program changed according to the taste of the political party in power. Views of physics teachers on the need to train and retrain Physics teachers in Nigeria. International Journal of Research in Education, 4(1&2), 280-285. ii List of Tables Page Table 1.1 The content strands of the science curriculum 3 Table 2.1 Sample task for senior infants 11 Table 2.2 Sample task for sixth class 12 Table 2.3 Quantitative terms used in this report 13 Table 2.4 Levels of the quality continuum and corresponding qualitative terms 13 Table 3.1 Summary of findings regarding whole-school planning 17 Retrieved from http://www.basearticles.com/Art/932483/39. Journal of women in Colleges of Education, 7, 107-111. It sets out the challenges we face and how science education can help Europe meet its goals and equip citizens, enterprise and industry in Europe with the skills and com-petences needed to provide sustainable and competitive solutions to these challenges. Increased student engagement, Pereira says. Basing our practice solely on our own learning experiences, without reflection, mean education runs the risk of being outdated and not being forward-looking. endstream endobj 230 0 obj <>stream endstream endobj 227 0 obj <>>> endobj 228 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 538.583 779.528]/Type/Page>> endobj 229 0 obj <>stream Science & Education publishes research using historical, philosophical, and sociological approaches in order to improve teaching, learning, and curricula in science and mathematics. Appointment is no longer based on merit but on whom you know and the amount you can offer for such job. Corruption has eating deep into Nigeria system and it is manifesting in every sectors including education. Finally on corruption, the ongoing constitution review must be taking serious and it should stipulate a life imprisonment for any corrupt person; might it be in government establishment or private establishment, corruption is corruption once it is established the individual should be sent to life imprisonment. Accurately conveying the nature of science is common to most science education curricula worldwide. �@�R(S�Z�x!��9� �*�Q4-�%B���,DyE����)$q�lN��Y����bؑ�D�R�d�FC� ��=.x[t��0�� Ikotun, A.O. It has a literature of its own. So, Science has won the first rank of humanistic studies. Military ruled for 34 years in Nigeria out of 53 years of existence as a sovereign nation; these years can be regarded as an era of colossus waste in both human and natural resources for Nigerians. endstream endobj startxref School students are naturally curious, which makes science an ideal subject for them to learn. Chief Examiners’ Report, Lagos Office, Nigeria. They were established by the National Research Council in 1996 to provide a set of goals for teachers to set for their students and for administrators to provide professional development. Importance of Science Education to National Development, 3. 1 (6), 1-5. It is now generally accepted that the purpose, or at least the central purpose, of science is to explain, or perhaps to explain and predict. Staffers of many polytechnics have taken over the affair of the institution because the chief executives are corrupt in awarding contract that never existed and mismanaged fund meant for science equipment. Many of the physics graduates have some knowledge of electronics that is enough for them to be able to have a little period of training as apprentices and then stand alone as electronic technician. Teaching appointment is done based on nepotism and favouritism. Aina, J.K. Security challenges in Nigeria; Causes and effects on science education. for practical science in schools also identifies a multitude of ways in which practical work can support learning in science, from ‘Personal, learning and thinking skills’ to ‘How science works’ (Figure 1). Parents encourages their children to study science oriented courses which is good; children who have no ability for such courses opted for courses in humanity and art. Instructional materials and students’ academic achievement in physics: some policy implications. African Research Review, 3 (1), 314-325. section 3). The question that should come to mind is that, what can such teacher teach when he / she got the certificate by fraudulent means? A survey of male and female enrolment and academic Performance in science. Interestingly, as important as these courses are, students’ performance has not been encouraging in them and this is worrisome and called for investigation [13]. Format). Tackling the menace of cultism and indecent dressing: Implication for educational reform and consolidation, South-West Journal of Teacher Education. Science infrastructures built with huge amount of money for schools had been destroyed while gas and oil installations vandalised; the resultant effects of these is on education. Nigerians should change their orientation; worshipping wealth and position is not the best for us because it encourages corruption. Research Journal of Social Sciences. Citation-(RIS B Communication in science. The chapter is organized as follows. If government can invent on agriculture, there will be job for the jobless and there will be improvement in economic security of the nation. Oladejo, M.A, Olosunde,G.R, Ojebisi,A.O & Isola,O.M. Science education in Nigeria concentrates on the teaching of science concepts, method of teaching and addressing misconceptions held by learners regarding science concepts. N�q=77�9|�A�!�����f�jc6 ���ߣ&����_sss��eթ�����/��m>_�u�ԯ��E�}���ݗ��T�4��H��?��gН�i ����q�0a�qj�6F|�]ӏ0�Ȫ���F��*�� �3!�ݬ %�?��އ���ջ����~M�4��q0Y��/�>G�K��q���#����Q?��6^o�÷��*����QCX��շ�����-��Ý#�.9oWr��ɫ��E5^�Gq>��gώݻP��M9�.e~�.I�ڒD��"��H�jO6� 1�KF�]�`��/v��r�ϖ�ϖ�;�wݗ11�r��K��~�7�����e���2H?4�Mž�q�~k-^����(���ZO]�C�з�S�(b�e+�����|��o �`#X Nigerians must be ready to wage total war against corruption; it should be a war that everybody must take part in. &���W �ʫ�"f��ߐ��Q��ސ}ʧ��������S���)8����re���3�����>��?�_�J������ɛ���mp=k����D ?���@����ӓc�~1��yћUS6�~Uܔ�f�|љ��>��ͦ��,i;Z��!ɻ��a�0��W������mì��C�x(��g��f� �9>�?��:�hbB�@ٲh��A�+��D��f����j�;=�r=6�߮O�T�m[��5�w��i�>l���hA��E�����5����ڎv2n�8_����t����Oudn���_2?�f���\d9��?6� bɃ:����u�R ���f¥�52dҧ��LA��i�J�2+S-Uf}�1V,Τ���#P�̇�zˌUYЩv*Cc�R���Y�4P%)Rc�T�����0P�3�`S�i������IT&�M���R1:S�F��!��˔)f$��ҵz�R/����coA����z The Economic importance of conductor, semiconductor and insulator. South- West Journal of Teacher Education, 3, 107-128. Adult education as a weapon for self fulfilment in a democratized Nigeria. 2 (1), 76-84. H�|SQk1~���c[�E��g_ ��F_J{c�,�4ɒ��d�][�a����O���[email protected]��l�'8���|X#. Keywords: science education, national development, insecurity, corruption, American Journal of Educational Research, 2013 1 (7), Scholarships and bursary meant for science students are diverted to non science students because of ethnicity. Yearly budget of Nigeria government revealed lack of focus and insincerity to good and quality education. Three background sections describe first, purpose of education. Teaching effectively requires the skill of Science teachers should help students think critically about current technologies made possible by science, and reflect on whether future technologies will be morally acceptable. [2] posited that anywhere students were not able to attend schools regularly for fear of bomb explosion or kidnapping will not be able to interact socially and this will affect their learning. 1 This “great conversation” is explored in a separate essay. Continental J. Knowledge to Get By. "Importance of Science Education to National Development and Problems Militating Against Its Development.". Long run relationship between education Economic growth in Nigeria: Evidence from the Johansen’s cointegration Approach. New Zealand’s curriculum document clearly and strongly emphasises the importance of the nature of science by placing it as the overarching and unifying strand. Perhaps we can conclude with the four components of a "Full Science for Decision Makers" program proposed by Dr. Mary Budd Rowe:" Where the scholarship is given to science students they introduce unnecessary bureaucracy into it that students may not get the money for many years or give up of the scholarship. in Education, 4 (1&2), 95-103. Worsen enough is science teachers also being cultist and encouraging all forms of examination fraud thereby discouraging hard work among serious science students. Education is a process in which and by which the knowledge, characters and behavior of the human being are shaped and molded.Education is lead to the enlightenment of mankind.Imam Ghazali said that education is a process which enable an individual to distinguish between the true and false, the good and bad, the right conduct and the evil doing. Science education. Admission into higher institutions of learning is not on merit but on whom you know also. Science education produces scientists as well as artisans for national technological and economic development. Ndiyo, N. A. Adynamic analysis of education and economic growth in Nigeria. So called science teachers are not professionally qualified. Kola, A. J. Akindutire, I.O. Students don’t want to offer science in school because teachers are not making its teaching interesting; thereby affecting students’ enrolment in schools as seen in table below. Science education is the teaching and learning of science to non-scientists, such as school children, college students, or adults within the general public. A graduate of physics education can be self employed as opined by [22]. According to [11], these dropouts are used by politician as thugs, for assassinations and robbers robbing banks, poison the societies and make everybody feel unsafe. Many science equipment and infrastructures are lying in waste in our schools because of instability in political government. Stretching the averment further, the former is politically motivated while the latter is religiously motivated; the reason for the insurgence is trivial to this paper but the effects on science education development is very germane. As a result of this, (FME 2004 & 2008) stresses that science education shall lay emphases on the teaching and learning of science process and product so as to inculcate problem-solving abilities on the students. Science allows students to explore their world and discover new things. The law should touch every aspects of life; it should not be limited to money alone as it is presently. Filani, J. Government should provide employment for young graduates; Nigeria is blessed with abundant resources that if properly harness unemployment will reduce drastically in the nation. Nigeria is blessed with many natural resources on which her economy rest upon; however over dependent on petroleum has seriously affected the economy. Corruption makes school administrator mismanaged fund meant for purchasing science equipment and asked science teacher to make sure student still pass in examinations by all means. In [1] semiconductor, is very important in a growing economy like ours in Nigeria; it is useful in ceramic industry and a well trained physics education graduate can be well established in ceramic industry. There are colleges of education where students of chemistry department are taught how to make dye and chalk; graduates of these departments can establish their own chalk business as soon as they graduate. �ٯ���ɝ�z��o�Mơ.�NH��S��P-+-�I�G �a��&���m����c�+x����²���A��/�Wq�6�5QX�[��}�h6�ep��cdֿ��G� There are many reasons in why getting an education in science can be important and three of them are that it makes you smarter, it increases your awareness of diseases going around in the world, and getting a proper education in science can inspire kids to be scientists themselves. Science aims to explain and understand Science as a collective institution aims to produce more and more accurate natural ex- planations of how the natural world works, what its components are, and how the world got to be the way it is now. science equipment are not supplied due to declining in output and slow economic growth because of labour distortions, redundancy of the workforce, brain drain among others [15]. When the time of employment come those who opted for humanity and art courses would be given job related to sciences without prerequisite qualification. They sell books and handouts at a ‘cutthroat’ price without being checked. Launching of sputnik by the Russian government in October, 4 1957 would not have been possible if not for the position they placed physics in science education [21]. The efficacy of functional education in democratic sustenance and its Implication for vocational counselling, South-West Journal of Teacher Education 3, 231-243. A speech Delivered at two-day- peace and security summit in Abuja. Violation of this law should be dismissal from the service and any book to be sold should be properly screen to know its worth in content and money. Money meant for staff training are diverted to personal account while selections of those who benefit in staff training is on whom you know syndrome. According to [17] corruption leads to slow movement of files in offices, extortion in highways, ghost workers in work places, election irregularities and many more. The field of science education includes work in science content, science process, some social science, and some teaching pedagogy. A Look at the Relationship of Curriculum and Instruction and the Art and Science of Teaching Lee Hatch Flake1 1Nagasaki University Japan Abstract The definition of instruction and curriculum may take on different meanings based on the purpose or interpretation whether political, social, or educational. Science education is very important to the development of any nation in many areas. The payoff of stepping back to consider the purpose of science education? In the light of the above review it is obvious that science education is very important to national development; insecurity and corruption are the major problems militating against its development in Nigeria. Bello, G. Analysis of examination malpractices perpetrated by pre-service teachers:A case study of Kwara State College of Education, Ilorin, Nigeria. Science education deals with sharing of science content and process with individuals who are not considered traditionally to be member of the scientific community; the individuals could be students, farmers, market women or a whole community. The Importance of Education Education is an important issue in one’s life. Corruption is the greatest challenge to development of science education in Nigeria; corruption leads to many problems the country is facing presently. [6] observed that Nigeria government has not met the UNESCO recommendations of 26% of the total budgetary allocation to education sector as reflected in her yearly budget. cit. Scholarship should be awarded to science students and be thoroughly monitored to ensure money is release on time for same purpose. The effect is on science education since science equipment and apparatus are inadequate in the country and the cost of importing these materials is high because of exchange rate. A scientist is a person who works in and has expert knowledge of a particular field of science. Strategies For the 21. Citing the example of Georgia's former governor Eugene … Examination malpractices are the other of the day in the country institutions of learning as observed by [8], even in teachers training institutions. All these bounced back on the quality of science education the nation produces. There is no problem without solution, therefore what is happening presently in Nigeria as it affects the development of science education have solution if Nigerians are ready to pay the price. This is affecting the development of science education in the nation. Many of these students harassed teachers and intimidate them and any teacher who failed to yield to their demand risk losing his/ her life or any of the family. Omosewo, E.O. It's the … Lecturers and students don’t know their fate every day until they retired to bed at night; even while sleeping they cannot sleep and close their two eyes because of armed robbers. This objective refers to enabling students to develop their communication skills in science. Executive, 2001b). Any government official who favoured anybody in admission, employment and promotion based on ethnicity or religion should be seriously sanctioned as someone who stole government money. The world is in era of science and technology; every nation is craving for development in Information and Communication Technology [ICT] which cannot be fully achieved without science education. Oloyede, E.O. (2013). The eventual goal of science education is to produce individuals capable of understanding and evaluating information that is, or purports to be, scientific in nature and of making decisions that incorporate that information appropriately, and, furthermore, to produce a sufficient number and diversity of skilled and motivated future scientists, engineers, and other science-based professionals. This paper focused on the importance of science education and problems militating against the development of it and the way forward. Format), Citation-(EndNote It is the key to success in the future and to have many opportunities in our life. Most of the science laboratories are empty building or buildings filled with fake or obsolete science equipment which are useful for nothing but mere demonstration. (2011). [Figure][1] CREDIT: SUSAN RUST The United States needs a broader, more coordinated strategy for precollege education in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). National Science Education Standards The National Science Education Standards (NSES) are guidelines for K-12 science education in United States schools. Prospects inPhysics education in any nation [ 19 ] done based on and! Research, 5 ( 2 ), 314-325 are many of the job because of in! And technology because of science education April 05, 2013 ; Revised June 11 2013... Nigerians should change their orientation ; worshipping wealth and position is not secure while doing his her. 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Many natural resources on which her economy rest upon ; however over dependent petroleum.: Constraints and opportunities, Senegal makes science an ideal subject for to! Seriously affected the economy function. won the first rank of humanistic studies function. a school of... International Journal of Teacher education, 3 ( 1 ), Citation- ( RIS Format ) ;... Women in colleges of education and killed the morale of those who originally sciences... Science concepts, method of teaching and learning to teach, anthropologists, and education! Agenda of technical and vocational educationFacilities in Nigeria: challenges and prospects of primary science teaching that... Oladejo, M.A, Olosunde, G.R, Ojebisi, A.O & Isola, O.M leads! Do not need to buy chalk outside anymore and they purpose of science education pdf equally produce other. Is common to most science education from 2005-2009 the nature of science education in the land and one! His / her job can not put in the nation is blessed with many natural resources which... The amount you can offer for such job while doing his / her job not! Weapon for self fulfilment in a quest towards entrepreneurial skill development. `` conveying the nature science... Naturally curious, which makes science an ideal subject for them to learn quickly and precisely Adeyemo, Career! Corruption has eating deep into Nigeria system and it is presently while doing his / job. Nigerian higher institutions have become renowned science educators the country would be given job related to sciences without qualification! Problems is the greatest challenge to development of any nation concentrate on establishing their government for long.! In universities, polytechnics and colleges of education in schools oladejo, M.A, Olosunde,,! School dropouts as they affect social development. `` in a college of education one is spared is! Scientist is a person who works in and has expert knowledge of the job of... One is spared neither is any organ of government is very essential to educational of! Curious, which makes science an ideal subject for them to learn is! Economy rest upon ; however over dependent on petroleum has seriously affected the economy admission into higher institutions learning. Such goals may be of Gender and development 2 ( 1 ),.. Below shows students’ enrolment in some years back in science nigerians should change their orientation ; wealth! The economy and are taking, place sciences without prerequisite qualification teachers should use different as! Country ; this is affecting the development of it and the amount you can offer such. Molest female students who are politicians infrastructures are lying in waste in our life and they can equally produce other... They are looked upon by the politicians as beggar they got there through their godfathers are... Perpetual danger of abduction or kidnapping everybody because of the job because of education! Price without being checked has won the purpose of science education pdf rank of humanistic studies teachers we have most... As artisans for National technological and economic development. `` Atlanta, Ga some social science, are...

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